1. Biology, Population and Ecology
Speakers under this theme will present about biology, distribution, population, ecology, habitat connection, genetics, catches, and bycatch mitigation. The submitted abstract topic may also indicate stock and population estimation of shark and ray in Indonesia from areas where sharks are found and distributed in certain ecosystems and offshore. Population estimation of some types of endangered sharks will certainly be a consideration for location setting, fishing gear, and fishing season. Synthesis of DNA studies in several locations is also needed to map specific populations of sharks and rays.
2. Social, Economic and Institutional
Research conducted concerning on trading, economic valuation and local wisdom located in areas around Indonesia will be presented in this theme. In addition to the utilization of trade, this theme is also related to the values of shark and ray tourism in Indonesian waters. Several areas of Indonesia, there are many number of sharks that are unrecorded as trading or distribution as processing products would be a big challenges that must be improved in order to knowing the tracebility of shark and ray products. Information about utilization of the shark and ray in trading centre in Indonesia will be useful for management and implementation the National Plan of Action.
3. Management and Conservation
Speakers can submit studies related to policy, ecotourism, regulation, and conservation. Spesific regulation is needed for shark and ray management in Indonesia including size and location of catch, shark finning, habitats, and some species that need to be protected and regulated for its utilization. This information will be important to carry out an effort to unify and refine some existing shark and ray regulations in Indonesia, encouraging the protection of important shark and ray (nursery ground, mating ground, feeding ground, shark pups release sites) to solidify the Marine Protected Area (MPA).